What editors do is often kept hidden. In fact, a good editor is supposed to remain invisible by giving the text enough care and polish that it shines brightly and speaks for itself.
The thing is, when your goal is to be invisible, people get a distorted image of what you actually do. Myths about editors exist, and they’re pernicious. So what is editing, and what myths about editors are there? Here are four examples.
Myth #1: Editors are just glorified spell-checkers
When most people think of editing, they think of fixing typos and grammatical errors, or what editors call “copy editing.” (This is what others often call “proofreading” — proofreading and copy editing are actually two different things.)
However, even in a typical copy edit, there’s far more going on than just spell-checking. For instance, copy editors are frequently on the lookout for:
- continuity errors
- incorrect information or anachronisms
- inconsistent formatting of elements like tables, graphs, and captions
Let’s say you’re writing a novel set in 1981 and you mention that a character is wearing a pastel shirt like the ones on Miami Vice. MS Word won’t double-check when the show started airing, but an editor will – and they’ll flag it, since the show started in 1984, three years after your story takes place.
Another example: you say your character’s eyes are blue in chapter one, but brown in chapter six. Would a spell-checker catch that?
I doubt it.
Of course, that’s assuming you’re working with a copy editor. A lot of editors don’t copy edit. Instead, they look at the text from a 50,000-foot view, examining the terrain and figuring out the deeper-level issues in your text that need fixing.
These people are known as structural or substantive editors. When reading your text, they ask themselves things like:
- Are you keeping your audience in mind, or are you using too much technical jargon?
- Should your conclusion really be the text’s introduction or first chapter?
- Do your readers need to know about Topic X when the rest of the chapter discusses Topic Y?
That’s more than just being a glorified spell-checker. Editing like that involves being a bloodhound on the trail for gaps, unclear thinking, and logical fallacies. I bet Clippy can’t do all that.
Myth #2: Editors are just waiting to pounce on every mistake you make
People often think of editors as know-it-alls wielding red pens, waiting to call you out on your misuse of a comma. Granted, there are people out there like that, and there is a certain amount of satisfaction in pointing out the spelling and grammar mistakes of others.
But honestly? Getting into a tizzy over every single error is pedantic. More than that, it’s exhausting. People make mistakes. The whole reason editors exist is to keep those mistakes to a minimum and make you look better.
More importantly, ridiculing you for every mistake is counterproductive to an editor’s aim, which is a positive working relationship. As an editor, it’s in my best interest to keep you as happy as possible about the small things, like fixing spelling mistakes, so I can create enough trust to bring up more serious problems, like bad transitions and inconsistent referencing.
Myth #3: Editors will change your writing so much it won’t sound like “you” anymore
Bad editors may do this. Overzealous editors who feel like they have something to prove may do this. I know there are horror stories out there.
But unless your writing is so bad that such heavy rewriting is necessary — and if it is, that’s something that a managing editor or project manager should discuss with you in detail — editors like that are the exception, not the rule.
It all goes back to fostering a good working relationship, like I mentioned in the second point above. Trust is both important and scarce, and the wholesale rewriting of text without consultation burns through a lot of trust quickly with no obvious benefit. Why would we shoot ourselves in the foot like that?
Fellow editor Antonia Morton has a clever saying:
George Orwell wrote: “Good prose is like a window pane.”
Editor Antonia Morton says: “Good editing is like a squirt of Windex.”
Wholesale rewriting is not good editing — that’s just shattering the window entirely.
Update: I delve into this myth more in my follow-up post “How Crutch Words Weaken Your Writing”
Myth #4: Editors don’t make mistakes
Remember that bit above about people making mistakes? It applies to editors too.
Embarrassing confession time: there are a lot of errors I haven’t caught when editing something. Usually they occur when the turnaround time for a project is very short. (A lesson to the wise: don’t underestimate the amount of time that good editing takes.)
Hell, I’ll admit to something even worse: I’ve committed the cardinal sin of introducing errors. This is a huge no-no. One time earlier this year, I was doing a rush job (remember what I just said about needing enough time to do good work?) for a client whose company included a bed and breakfast facility. During the process, I wrote the phrase “bread and breakfast” rather than “bed and breakfast”. This happened not once but twice. Once the client informed me of this, I made sure to fix the error as soon as possible and — after doing a quick scan in MS Word to make sure this error didn’t appear anywhere else in the document — sent back a cleaned-up copy.
The point is that no one is perfect. In fact, academics have studied error rates in various contexts. Fellow editor Adrienne Montgomerie discussed last year both on Copyediting.com and subsequently on her own site that no editor catches every single mistake. At best, estimates about error detection rates range from 95% to 99% among professional editors.
So what are editors like?
They’re like anyone else, really. They’re fallible, but they care about doing a good job. The difference here is that this job is an intensely personal one because many people see their writing as an extension of themselves — and if your writing is bad, what does that say about you as a person?
You are not a bad person. Your thoughts are worthy of expression.
All editors do is make that worthiness more apparent to the wider world.
10 thoughts on “4 Myths About Editors”
My favourite error missed by an editor (who shall remain nameless): in this novel (which I also won’t name), a character has a double leg amputation near the start of the story – and three-quarters of the way through is described warming his toes in front a fire.
That’s hilarious, Gill! Ooh, now I’m really curious about what novel you’re referring to.
An excellent post; I particularly liked … nope – liked all of them! Thank you for putting this into words for us all!
Thanks! It’s great to hear from you; did you know I listed your site in my Resources for Editors post from a few weeks ago?
Loved this article, Christina–you are right on! I’ve always maintained that my job as editor is to help my clients sound as smart as they truly are (or sometimes, even smarter;-) ) I love my job as a freelance editor, so I thank you for clearing up some of the myths about what I do.
Thanks, Nan, for your kind comment and for reaching out on Twitter. I don’t know if you’ve explored elsewhere on the blog, but I’ll tweet out a few other links you might like.
Great piece, Christina. I particularly liked Myth #4. 🙂 Many years ago, I worked on a book about Iris Murdoch. It was so easy to type Irish! Glad to say that none of them got into print.
Heh, I was worried that admitting my mistakes in Myth #4 would bite me later, but I guess not! I’ve found that while I like the adrenaline of rush editing, I know that the resulting product is not the best. It’s hard to square the circle there.
Excellent; Carol Fisher Saller makes these and many other fine points in The Subversive Copy Editor; I highly recommend it. I think what most people don’t understand is that what we’re trying to do is, quite simply, to make their work more elegant.
It is interesting for me as a writer to read about how editors think. I will state that there are few of these myths I have actually believed in; I suppose knowing my own writing deficits is responsible for that.
As a self-published author, my biggest problem is finding a good editor who will work with me on cost. This is a sticky situation because everyone deserves to be paid for their labors. This gap exists between writer and editor and as a result, a great deal of good work is going unread because it is not polished, thus not marketable.
What to do?
Comments are closed.